Military Hospital at Holland Park


A largely forgotten aspect of the Brisbane suburb of Holland Park’s history relates to the American presence in Brisbane during World War Two. The United States Army established the 3,000 bed Holland Park Military Hospital in early 1943, selecting the Glindemann family property as its location. The hospital was known as the US 42nd General Hospital.


Within the context of the present day Holland Park streetscape, the hospital was situated within the area bounded by Nursery Road and Gorban Street and approximately between Seville Park and Logan Road. More than three hundred workers were involved in the hospital’s construction and it received its first patients in June 1943. The Holland Park Military Hospital eventually passed into the control of Australian

Authorities following the departure of the Americans at the end of the war at which time the hospital was taken over by the 102nd Australian General Hospital. This Australian hospital had previously been located at Ekibin.

The site was eventually developed to provide land for residential purposes. Through this process, and with the relative shortage of materials following the Second World War, many of the huts were moved and used for other purposes in the local community. For example, it is believed that the Mount Gravatt Scout Group Hall was one of the huts which was moved and re-used from the hospital site after the war, with this possibly being the Administration building from either Unit No. 1 or Unit No. 2 of the hospital. It has also been reported that other hospital huts were moved elsewhere including to the St. Agnes Catholic Church grounds and Clontarf on the Redcliffe Peninsula, for use as shops.

Given the large number of huts within the hospital complex, we can speculate that other various old huts around Brisbane may have their genesis within the US 42nd General Hospital at Holland Park.

Brian Randall – Queensland Places Coordinator, State Library of Queensland


This was my great great grandparents land. Conrad and Madelina Glindemann. My Grandparents Jack and Florence Hiddle (née Glindemann) owned the land that the Lynndon bowling green was built and was named after their two eldest children, my Father “Don” and his sister “Lynn”


Brisbane Arcade..The story

The Mayne Inheritance    

Rosamond Siemon’s “The Mayne Inheritance” tells a fascinating tale of dark deeds in Brisbane’s early European past. The story is about the family of Patrick Mayne, a Catholic Irishman and one of the city’s early fathers. According to Siemon, the eventually wealthy Mayne made a deathbed confession to a murder someone else had hung for 17 years earlier. The confession would haunt his five living children, none of whom married or had children.

Siemon’s argument is because of the rumours of a tainted family, the younger Maynes did not get the credit for their acts of benevolence to Brisbane. The murderer Patrick Mayne unfairly tarnished the younger members who never received the praise they deserve for donating the Mayne inheritance – the St Lucia riverbend lands on which the beautiful campus of the University of Queensland now stands.

The story of the Mayne Inheritance begins with a murder in Brisbane on 6 March 1848. Brisbane was then a tiny northern frontier town in the colony of New South Wales. It was established as Moreton Bay prison colony 24 years earlier. That Sunday in 1948, a boatman found a brutally butchered body in the Brisbane River. The dead man was a sawyer named Robert Cox staying in a hotel at Kangaroo Point on the south bank of the river. The prime suspect was the hotel cook William Fyfe, who shared a bed with Cox. Though the evidence was dubious, Fyfe was sent to Sydney for trial. Evidence at the trial implied Cox and Fyfe had a homosexual relationship but could not prove he killed him. Despite the flimsy case, he was found guilty and hanged.

The motive for Cox’s murder was money. He had recently earned the considerable sum of £350 for cutting and selling a large quantity of cedar to a Tweed River boatyard. The money was never found. Cox’s mistake was to tell his drinking friends about his good fortune. Brisbane was a harsh place with many rowdy hotels and few women. Violence was part of the culture. One of the men Cox told about the money was butcher Patrick Mayne. Mayne’s alibi for the murder was never tested. Within a year of Cox’s murder, Mayne produced the equivalent of six years wages to buy a butcher shop and stock in Queen St where he began trading.

Patrick Mayne was then 24 years old. He was born in 1824 in county Tyrone in the north of Ireland. Both his parents died when he was young. To escape Ireland’s crushing poverty, he set off for Port Jackson as an indentured apprentice, aged 17. He arrived in Sydney after 100 days at sea and spent two years in the service of businessmen John Gilchrist and John Alexander. In 1844 he went north to seek his fortune in Moreton Bay. He got a job at a slaughterhouse for £1 a week. It was not until after the murder his stocks began to rise.

Within a year of the murder, he married Mary Mackintosh. Mary was a young Irish Protestant serving girl, just as headstrong as Patrick. The pair began to build their family in the leafy solitude of Moggill, upstream on the Brisbane River. Patrick returned to Brisbane to buy the Queen St butchery. The previous owner had struggled and had to sell up for £240. Mayne bought the business and turned it round. As a man of property, he was now also on the electoral roll. He went surety for Irish publicans who returned the favour by buying his meat.

Despite occasional brushes with the law due to a violent disposition, his business grew as the great depression of the late 1840s finally ended in 1853. He began to expand his portfolio of land. The town’s population doubled in six years. The southern gold rush saw businessmen such as Mayne offer rewards for the discovery of gold in the Brisbane region. In 1859 J. D. Lang led a successful push to separate Queensland from NSW. It was now a separate colony and its new capital Brisbane held its first ever municipal elections. Mayne stood for office and won. Out of 37 candidates he was now one of Brisbane’s first nine unpaid aldermen.

Businessmen won all the seats in the first election. As well as the butchers Mayne and George Edmonstone, there were innkeepers George Warren and William Sutton, builders John Perrie and Joshua Jeays, tanner TB Stephens, seedsman AJ Hockings, and baker Robert Cribb. Mayne finished second in the poll to Perrie. Mayne also sat on the first Queensland Board of Education. However a concerted hate campaign kept him out of state parliament.

That wasn’t his only disappointment. His second child and first daughter Evelina died in 1853, aged 1. Nevertheless the Maynes were the parents of five living children. While Mary looked after the family, Patrick was a man of action who loved argument and debate. He was an authoritarian but useful and energetic member and the driving force behind committees to improve the town. His energy waned after he fell ill in 1865. He deteriorated quickly and died shortly after making his murder confession. Although his will allowed for the possibility his children would marry, the result of Patrick’s devastating confession and discussions about his mental stability caused the family to agree on a pact that none would marry.

The word about the confession quickly got out. The family closed in as it became the victim of smears and innuendo. The Maynes were treated as social outcasts. Yet Mary kept a tight grip on the family and smartly held on to all the property Patrick had accumulated despite the threat of another recession. They hid away at the family home of “Moorlands” in Auchenflower.

The eldest daughter became a nun and was excluded from all the family wills for fear the church would inherit it. The Maynes had different plans for their inheritance. In 1889 Mary Mayne died and she gave her property to her four other children. Eldest son Isaac had a less happy inheritance from his father – his dangerous side. He murdered a Japanese trader near their home. Although never charged, Isaac was confined and restrained to his room. He was eventually transferred to a Sydney psychiatric hospital. Isaac hanged himself in hospital after being linked with another Brisbane murder; that of Carl Markwell.

The youngest three surviving Maynes struggled with the burden of inheritance. William was a man of leisure, James was a doctor who retired early and the youngest was Mary Emilia who never left home. After William died in 1921, James and Mary Emilia had all the family’s money. Among the few visitors to Moorlands was the Catholic Archbishop James Duhig of Brisbane who hoped the Mayne fortune would end up with the Church.

But though they lavished three stain-glass windows on St Stephens Cathedral, his Eminence was to be disappointed. The Maynes had already donated money to the Brisbane University to build an agricultural facility at Mogill; now they proposed to donate £50,000 to buy the riverside land at St Lucia for a new campus. The university in the city was cramped and James Mayne thought of his own days at spacious university grounds in England.

The 274 acre donation was not immediately embraced by the university. The medical facility wanted to be near the hospital at Kelvin Grove. After a three year battle with the help of the city mayor William Jolly, James convinced the University senate to move to St Lucia. The first foundation stone was laid in 1937.

James died two years later and Mary Emilia died after another 12 months. Her estate of £200,000 including Moorlands went to the University Medical School. Despite having a small suburb near Bowen Hills named after the family, the Maynes remain low key in the university they bequeathed their fortune to. The stains of Patrick and Isaac reached beyond the grave to taint the memory of the younger Maynes. There are none left now to change the story.

Sunset on the Brisbane River

Sunset Cruise with the City Hopper..a free ferry that travels the Brisbane River from North Quay to Sydney Street and back again. The best part is that it is free to use, and you can sit on the top deck as long as you wish and tour the River.


We have just left Eagle Pier and the sunset has started. I am enjoying the top deck of the City Hopper now on the Sunset Cruise.

The sunset is behind the city of Brisbane. We are at Southbank and you can see the Goodwill Bridge. The Red Hopper stops at the Maritime Museum, Thornton Street and then goes to north Quay under Victoria Bridge.

We are now at Eagle Pier where the Story Bridge has lit up, and then the lights on the buildings start to show and it is evening in Brisbane


Riverview Boardwalk Brisbane

I walked from Riverside past New Farm to the Refinery Apartments.I sarted walking at the Story bridge, under the bridge and then on the boardwalk over the water.


The Boardwalk has a cycle track as well as a pedestrian track, and there were many joggers and cyclists using the walk.


The boardwalk finished here, but the walk continues on for maybe 12 kms. Here you walk on the street, and you can turn right at Sydney Street for the free City Hopper, or you can continue. I walked on through New Farm Park which seemed to be all roses and Rosemary, and a Military memorial.

A 1950 planting list included 2,500 rose plants, and by September 1953 a total stock of 5,325 bushes is listed in Brisbane City Council reports. This figure increased to 10,227 by 1957. Some Brisbane City Council sources claim that 11,000 bushes of 300 varieties were planted in 1962, although another Brisbane City Council source claims that this was the total stock at the time. An article in the Telegraph, 6 March 1965, claimed that there were 40,000 roses bushes in New Farm Park, which made it one of Australia’s top three rose gardens. After the 1974 flood covered the rose beds in up to 5cm of toxic silt, 4,000 new rose bushes were ordered in 1974, and 3,000 more in 1975.

The basic Edwardian layout of the park, designed by Henry Moore, remains largely intact today, along with remnants from the late 1940s/early 1950s garden redesign undertaken by Harry Oakman. Various structures and rose gardens have also come and gone, but many of the earlier tree plantings remain.

I continued walking past Power House with a wonderful restaurant called The Farmers Kitchen on the Point and some amazing graffitti.

 Brisbane Powerhouse is a contemporary multi-arts, dining and conference venue.

Then I came to what was the Old Sugar Refinery, which is now Apartments all built into the original Refinery. Information Boards told the story of the Sugar Industry at this location. Reading all this history makes me wonder why the building was converted to apartments instead of a Museum. It now appears to be trendy apartments in a very beautiful original building.


CSR Refinery is a heritage-listed former refinery at Lamington Street, New Farm, City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It was built from 1892 to 1893. It is also known as Colonial Sugar Refining Company Refinery of New Farm. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992.

The New Farm refinery is now one of the last surviving 19th century CSR sites in Australia, and is a rare example of an intact late 19th century established sugar refinery with evidence of over 100 years of evolution in the fabric and site layout. The refinery is now however one of the last surviving industrial sites on the inner city reaches of the Brisbane river and one of the last to retain its wharf

Storey Bridge

Story Bridge Brisbane

I am staying at the Meriton Adelaide Street Apartments which offers a partial view of the Story bridge from one window and a view down to Riverside Wharf and Eagle Pier. From here I have also walked the Riverview Boardwalk as far as New Farm and the Sugar Refinary Apartments.


The Story Bridge is a heritage-listed steel cantilever bridge spanning the Brisbane River that carries vehicular, bicycle and pedestrian traffic between the northern and the southern suburbs of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It is the longest cantilever bridge in Australia.

The bridge is part of Bradfield Highway (15) and connects Fortitude Valley to Kangaroo Point. The Story Bridge opened in 1940 and was tolled until 1947. It is named after prominent public servant, John Douglas Story.

Last night I walked to Sydney Street Wharf and took the Red Hopper which is free, back and rode the river for the sunset and back to Eagle Pier for dinner at the Mexican Restaurant and walked back along Eagle Street.


Coordinates 27.463752°S 153.035699°ECoordinates: 27.463752°S 153.035699°E
Carries Motor vehicles and pedestrians
Crosses Brisbane River
Locale Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Official name Story Bridge
Design Steel cantilever
Total length 777 metres (2,549 ft)
Width 24 metres (79 ft)
Height 74 metres (243 ft)
Longest span 282 metres (925 ft)
Clearance below 30.4 metres (99.7 ft) at mid-span