Historic Jetties of the Redlands

Cleveand jetty 1871

Redland Bay

https://www.redland.qld.gov.au/info/20146/historic_people_and_places/202/historic_jetties

Russell Island Jetty

Russell Island

The Redlands has had many jetties. The first one was built in the 1820s on North Stradbroke Island.

Many were private jetties built by people whose land went down to the sea. Some were built by the Shire Council with a swimming enclosure on the end. Many Redlanders learnt to swim in these enclosures. Other jetties were built by the Queensland Government for ships, ferries and other boats.

Some jetties were simple wood platforms that were barely above the water at high tide. Other jetties were built of concrete and steel and were big enough for passenger ferries.

wellington Point

Wellington Point

The Wellington Point jetty was first built about 1937 in the same place as the present jetty. It has been renovated and repaired since then. It was mainly used by visitors to Wellington Point, which was a popular camping spot especially
during school holidays.

The first jetty built in the Redlands was at Dunwich on North Stradbroke Island. A 100-metre causeway was built out of rocks in about 1827-28. It was built by convicts living on the island.

harold-walker-jetty-dunwich-21-jan-15

Harold Walker Jetty Dunwich

Many more jetties were built all over the Redlands in the next 150 years, including:

  • Redland Bay jetty
  • South Street jetty
  • Black’s jetty
  • Oyster Point jetty
  • Wellington Point jetty
  • Paxton Street jetty
  • Victoria Point jetty
  • Amity Point jetties
Jetty

Russell Island Jetty 1886

Redland Bay was a long way from the railway line, which ended at Cleveland. Therefore boats were very important for the farmers who needed to get their produce (crops) to market. Redland Bayhas had several jetties built by either the Shire Council or the State
Government, and some farmers had their own jetties as well. It is not known exactly when the Redland Bay public jetty was first built.
By the 1898 the main jetty was worn out so the boats used another jetty just below the Redland Bay Hotel. In 1907 a new jetty was built on the site of the present Redland Bay jetty.

redland Bay hotel

Redland Bay Hotel and Jetty..1907

The 1866 jetty also got damaged by the weather, and in 1887 the Queensland Government built another timber jetty off the other
(western) side of the Point. The 1887 jetty replaced the 1866 jetty
as the main one used by the coastal steamers. This jetty lasted
longer because it was more sheltered on that side of the Point.
However, it also wore out, and was demolished in 1978 because it
was falling down and unsafe.
HP289: of all the jetties in the Redlands, this one was the most well-known. It was built
on Cleveland Point in 1887 by the Queensland Government to replace the 1866 jetty.
Photos of this jetty were used for postcards like this one. This photo was taken about 1914

Cleveland Jetty

 

History of the Southern Moreton Bay Islands

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https://www.redland.qld.gov.au/info/20145/suburb_histories/192/history_of_the_southern_moreton_bay_islands

After the convict period ended in 1842, many people came to the islands for the timber. Fishermen also headed there to hunt dugongs for their oil and harvest oysters, firstly for their shells and later for their meat. They also farmed oysters, with it becoming the biggest fishery in southern Queensland for many years.

Farmers began to move to the islands in the 1860s. The early cotton and sugar were not very successful, so they started growing fruit and vegetables instead. Some farmers swam cattle across to the islands and tried to set up herds. One of the early fruit crops was mangoes and some of the trees planted in the 1890s are still growing. Later, pineapples and bananas were very popular. 

Many of the jetties were built so the farmers could get their crops to markets on the mainland. Once the farmers began to do well, they built community halls, churches and schools. As the years went by, the farmers found it harder to make a living and, by the 1960s, they began to sell their farms.

The Bay Islands were subdivided into suburban blocks over the next 10 years sparking a controversial chapter in their development

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russell_Island_(Moreton_Bay)

The island was first settled by Europeans in 1866, when John Campbell was granted a lease on the northern end of the island closely followed by John Willes and his family.[3] Land auctions commenced in 1870.[2] Farmers and oystermen were the first full-time inhabitants, but with the arrival of the Jackson family in 1906, a small village was created on the western side of the island called Jacksonville, that had a sawmill, pineapple canning factory, jetty and even a picture theatre.[3] A small school was opened in 1916.[2]

Russell Island is known for the infamous land scams of the early 1970s,[4] when many of the islands farms were divided into over 20,000 blocks.[3] At the time, the area, with a population of less than 500, did not have a local authority enforcing planning regulations. Heavily advertised and sold off by unscrupulous vendors, these blocks were often not where the unwary customers thought they were buying.[4] It all rode on the vague promise of a bridge from the National Party government at the time. Media reports exposing the scam pointed to blocks that were underwater at high tide and the lack of public land.[history

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……………….posted by a long-time Russell Island property owner and ratepayer, as follows:
“Mark mentions how the islands were dumped on Redlands but I read a different story…Redland shire were to collect the rates and use them for infrastructure minus admin costs. It was part of the Bjelke-Petersen Government’s decision to place Queensland’s offshore islands into local authority areas. This followed sovereignty threats by the Whitlam Government to extend the Australia’s territorial limits. Official files confirm that there was little discussion before Russell Island was included into Redland Shire in 1973. At the time of incorporation of Russell and four other islands into the Shire, the number of the Shire’s rateable properties more than doubled from an estimated 11000 to an estimated 25300.
The Shire had no objections to incorporation of the Southern Moreton Bay Islands (Redland Times, 14 Feb. 1973) and recognised that with only 271 residents, the islands could not become a separate shire. The council did not object to the decision of the then Minister for Local Government, Mr McKechnie to incorporate Russell Island into Redland Shire. The council’s main concerns were for the then Harbours and Marine Department to pay the full costs associated with jetties and that additional Loans Council borrowing to be allowed for an enlarged Shire. It has only become fashionable in recent years to blame the original condition of the islands for the slowness of development progress. The Redland Shire Council intended to collect about $300000-$400000 pa in rates from the Russell, Karragarra, Lamb and Macleay island group. By agreement with the State Minister the Redland Shire Council was to ensure that this money would be spent on the islands after allowing for administration costs. But apparently the Minister did not ensure the agreement was kept and the council’s intention changed over the years and only a small proportion of the rate money collected from the islands has been returned for island works. Consequently, the basis under which “public good conservation” measures were later introduced is that the island was not serviced so in places it still resembled bushland etc.”

King Tide Jan 3 In Brisbane

https://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/brisbane-news/flooding-in-brisbane-following-king-tide-20180103-p4yy7u.html

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Parts of Brisbane have been inundated with water as an unusually high tide hit the city’s low-lying areas, including the Moreton Bay Island…..

The tide is due to the first full moon of the year and the extra pull it has on the world’s water.

jetty king tide

Russell Island Jetty under water at King tide

The Bureau of Meteorology’s tide predictions for Brisbane had Wednesday’s high tide hitting 2.75 metres, which was the highest tide prediction for 2018.

https://static.ffx.io/images/$width_780,$height_440/t_crop_auto/t_sharpen,q_auto,f_auto/1fbe44c6aa6ef47da71a0592c726a152c9a99081

hightide Brisbane

hightidescarborough

https://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/brisbane-news/flooding-in-brisbane-following-king-tide-20180103-p4yy7u.html

The king tides occur when the Earth, Moon and Sun are aligned at perigee and perihelion, resulting in the largest tidal range seen over the course of a year. So, tides are enhanced when the Earth is closest to the Sun around January 2 of each year. They are reduced when it is furthest from the Sun, around July   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_tide

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Tides are the movement of water across Earth’s surface caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon, Sun, and the rotation of Earth which manifest in the local rise and fall of sea levels. Tides are driven by the relative positions of the Earth, Sun, Moon, land formations, and relative location on Earth. In the lunar month, the highest tides occur roughly every 14 days, at the new and full moons, when the gravitational pull of the Moon and the Sun are in alignment. These highest tides in the lunar cycle are called spring tides

https://goo.gl/images/bnCEgD  tides_poster_final

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OP5PbZ2S4MA&feature=youtu.be

The highest tides in the world can be found in Canada at the Bay of Fundy, which separates New Brunswick from Nova Scotia. At some times of the year the difference between high and low tide in this Bay is 16.3 meters , taller than a three-story building.

Sunset at Russell Island..

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It was an interesting sunrise over Ooncooncoon Bay at Russell Island. The rains are around, and the dark storm clouds made shapes and colors in the sky.

I sat with a friend and we watched the colors change in the sky as we sipped a cold bubbly as the mosquitoes searched for a delicious drink too..

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Amazing clouds shaped and formed straight ahead over the Bay…

 

Sunset of Fire and Beauty in December

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There are storms predicted for the days ahead, and tonight’s sunset was very stormy

I started walking and running down the road taking photos as I climbed the slope for the best view possible. All around me the sunset was turning the entire sky deep pink and purple and the oranges glowed brighter and brighter